Mining & Minerals

Mining Ores & Metals

Minerals have usually proven to be beneficial investments. Egypt in particular has a long history in the field of mineral trade. Active mining initially began in Egypt around 3000 BCE. Egypt’s mining sector has significant quantities of raw minerals, precious metals, and nonmetals. The Eastern desert and the Sinai Peninsula (The Arabian-Nubian) shield contain 48 million tons of tantalite, 6.7 million ounces of gold and 50 tons of Coal 


Regarding the minerals volume: (Iron, ore, phosphate, and salt) are the most important minerals in Egypt. Furthermore, huge amounts of quartz and asbestos were found early in 1986. Preliminary exploration in Sinai revealed quantities of zinc, tin, lead, and copper. 


The government’s ambition to grow this profitable sector is accompanied by new regulations launched in 2020. They aim to establish new rent, royalty, and tax systems. Moreover, they are developing investment and financial models to contract perfectly with interested investors. They also aspire to offer more investor-friendly terms regarding mining activities.  

manganese ore

Manganese Ore

Manganese ore resources are extensively scattered throughout Egypt’s numerous areas. 


They are found on the Sinai Peninsula and a few locations in the Eastern Desert. 


Here are the most known manganese deposits districts:  


  • West central district (Um Bogma district)  
  • Southern portion of Eastern desert (Halaib) 
  • Southern of Eastern desert (Wadi Mialik)  
  • Wadi Abu Shaar El Qibli (Black Hill)  

Iron Ore

  • According to United Nations statistics, Egypt’s imports of iron and steel totaled $4.28 billion in 2022.


  • About 560,000 metric tons of iron ore were produced in Egypt as of 2021. In the same year, the global iron production was about 3.3 trillion metric tons.


  • The iron ore volume in Egypt has been stable since 2018. 
white quartz - gap commodities

White Quartz

White quartz is unique for trading especially Egyptian quartz. It is naturally beautiful, durable, and long-lasting.  


Quartz and quartzite are found in the Eastern and Western Deserts with foundation rocks. 


Quartz has igneous and metamorphic origins in Egypt, whereas white sand is found in sedimentary layers. 

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